Beef also has a disproportionate impact on climate change.
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Ruminants, of which cattle are the most common, accounted for nearly half of all agricultural production-related greenhouse gas emissions in The average American could cut their diet-related environmental impacts by nearly one half just by eating less meat and dairy. The beef reduction scenarios reduced per person land use and greenhouse gas emissions by 15 percent replacing one-third of beef consumption with other meats or legumes to 35 percent reducing beef consumption by 70 percent, down to the world average level.
When applied globally to populations overconsuming protein or who are high consumers of beef, the ambitious animal protein reduction and beef reduction scenarios could spare between and million hectares million to 1. For the ambitious animal protein reduction scenario, the land spared is roughly two times the size of India. This is more than the entire area of land converted to agricultural use over the past 50 years.
The corresponding avoided land use change-related greenhouse gas emissions was billion tons of CO2 equivalent—more than three times total global emissions in ! To make sustainable diet choices easier for consumers, WRI introduces a new protein scorecard ranking foods from lowest plant-based foods to highest impact beef , based on associated greenhouse gas emissions per gram of protein.
Encouragingly, some of the lowest-impact foods are also the cheapest to buy.
Efforts to shift diets in the past have largely depended on information and education, including calling for people to become vegetarian or vegan. Instead, we need to engage leaders in the food sector to experiment with new approaches that increase the share of plant-based protein in consumer choices.
As a next step, WRI will partner with the food service industry to test the Shift Wheel and scale successes. Get our latest commentary, upcoming events, publications, maps, and data. She has published over articles in national and international journals and presented more than papers in Mexico and other countries. Currently, she is developing a project on methane capture and water pollution in intensive pig farms, and on water and food security in Mexico. Roberto M. Hilda R. Her research interests include income distribution, development, growth and environmental economics focused on the study of water management and policy about which she has published articles and book chapters.
On the Authors. Her research focuses on hydrological processes modeling. Ernesto A.
He is a researcher on water use engineering and an adviser for the research on water use and management in irrigation districts. His research area is focused on the modeling of hydrological processes. He has received awards, scholarships and research grants from the Universities Space Research Association, the UN, and different sources. He teaches Engineering Hydrology at UAM-I and has coordinated research projects and directed theses at graduate levels on hydrology, hydrodynamics and water quality in receiving bodies.
Anne M. The Hydrogeochemistry Laboratory was created under her leadership to conduct research on the migration of contaminants and the formulation of preventive, corrective and conservative water measures.
Energy costs are minimised through direct return of the concentrated salts into the bottom of the aquifer. The region is facing major issues around increasing water scarcity. Groundwater abstraction significantly outstrips recharge rates causing the water table to fall by metres annually in some parts. Valle y Pampa is a hectare entrepreneurial agricultural venture producing and exporting pomegranate, asparagus and blueberry crops to international markets across twenty countries. The farm has demonstrated a new High Frequency Intermittent Drip Irrigation System HFDI technology, which combines an automatic fertigation system with drip irrigation methodology that doses in short minute shifts.
The automated system monitors chemical and physical conditions in the upper levels of the root zone in real time and fertigates accordingly. Irrigation scheduling, Soil moisture content monitoring, Remote monitoring and sensing, Fertigation systems, Drip irrigation systems. The project achieved a reduction in water abstraction from the initial 2 m3 per day to 0 m3 per day by treating the condensate to a potable level and re-using it in the manufacturing process.
Residual wastewater is treated and utilised for cooling and cleaning. The project was driven by the need to protect the future license to operate and by anticipating the future increases in water costs. Condensate recovery and reuse, Industrial water metering, Wastewater recycling in the food industry. Sociedade Central de Cervejas e Bebidas Brewery SCC part of the Heineken Group , located 13km from Lisbon, uses m3 of water for its brewing process per year producing m3 of beer. Lisbon is one of several regions within Iberia that is suffering from serious water scarcity.
Since the plant has been under pressure to reduce its water use. However, the system was experiencing frequent shutdowns and was not performing satisfactorily. An external partner, GE Water and Power, was then brought in to optimise the process. The RO treatment is now producing 82 m3 per year and reduces the water withdrawal from local municipality that allows for this water to be used by higher priority customers elsewhere.
Wastewater reuse in the food industry, Wastewater reuse as cooling water, Education, technical training and capacity building, Optimisation programme. The Water Utilities Department of City of Roseville engaged WaterSmart to implement the Water Insights online platform to enhance the engagement with its residential customers.
The aim was to provide them with personalised information about their water use, to educate them on the value of water and to improve water use efficiency through a social norms based program. The Water Insights initiative was delivered as part of a wider water efficiency program, which included home water audits, water efficient retrofits, and rebates for low flush toilets and water efficient landscapes. This resulted in an additional 5. The project, led by Jain Irrigation Systems Limited JISL and the IFC, targeted smallholder onion producers from the region assisting them to switch from traditional flood irrigation to micro-irrigation systems.
This project resulted in reduced water withdrawals, improved productivity and increased income for the smallholder farmers. These can be bought by Corporations, NGOs and governmental organisations and serve as means of ongoing funding for the project. Drip irrigation systems, Water benefit certification system, Drip irrigation systems, Water benefit certification system, Education, Technical and capacity building.
The city was serviced by six separate dam systems. During the drought, available flows were half those experienced in the drought, previously the worst on record.
The company also launched an incentive discount scheme to reduce domestic water use. The majority of investment required was provided by Sabesp with some loan financing provided by Federal Government and the World Bank. Municipal leakage detection and repair, Tariffs and incentives, Pressure management in municipalities, Water metering in municipalities. Its annual dyeing and finishing capacity is 15 tons of knitted fabric.
Food in Mexico, International Food Library by Paolo Gomez | | Booktopia
The IFC China Water Program was set up to facilitate financial investment in water efficiency projects within the four major textile producing provinces of China, one of which is Guangdong. Jiarong factory upgraded their conventional jet dyeing process to air-flow dyeing machines that reduce the water requirement of the dyeing process.
Interventions were self-financed by the Jiarong factory with support from IFC for the water and energy efficiency auditing process. Towards the end of , the Western Cape region experienced its worst drought in more than years.
The project involved the implementation of a water use reduction strategy, which included actions such as an active monitoring of water use, engineering interventions to enable condensate reuse, retrofitting low flow plumbing fixtures, and active employee participation. Per ton of product, water withdrawal also became much more efficient, dropping from Geographically, the reduced withdrawal resulted in greater water availability for the Mossel Bay area.
Condensate recovery and reuse, Education, technical training and capacity building, Employee Participation, Industrial water metering, Low flow showerheads, Pressure management in factories, Stakeholder Engagement. Tiruppur is a mid-sized industrial town located in the upper hydrological basin of the Cauvery River. The basin suffers from water scarcity due to erratic seasonal rainfall, limited reservoir capacity and a high demand on the already limited resource.
The river and groundwater system the industry uses suffers from severe water quality issues as a result of effluent discharges. This in turn has affected the agricultural potential of downstream lands. To address the matter, the Indian High Court mandated zero liquid discharge from the textile industry. Dye salts are now recaptured from the effluent stream for industry use resulting in higher quality water for areas downstream.
Related Water, Food and Welfare: Water Footprint as a Complementary Approach to Water Management in Mexico
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